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After Ebola: towards a smarter model of capacity building
Richard Mallett and Lisa Denney
This briefing paper relates to the report, After Ebola: why and how capacity support to Sierra Leone’s health sector needs to change. The central argument of this briefing paper is that capacity building in the country’s health sector has been thought about and operationalised in a narrow, technical way. This dominant approach has ignored both the relational and systemic dimensions of capacity. A smarter model of capacity building is needed – one that does justice to the challenge of health systems strengthening, and to citizens seeking quality healthcare. To that end, five ideas and several recommendations are proposed. 02/07/2015
After Ebola: why and how capacity support to Sierra Leone’s health sector needs to change
Lisa Denney and Richard Mallett with Ramatu Jalloh
The Ebola crisis revealed not only weaknesses in Sierra Leone’s health system, but also the limits of international capacity support over the last 13 years. The central argument of this report is that capacity building in the country’s health sector has been thought about and operationalised in a narrow, technical way. This dominant approach has ignored both the relational and systemic dimensions of capacity. A smarter model of capacity building is needed – one that does justice to the challenge of health systems strengthening, and to citizens seeking quality healthcare. To that end, five ideas and several recommendations are proposed. 01/07/2015
The role of social protection in state legitimacy in the former conflict areas of Sri Lanka
Nayana Godamunne
Taking a bottom-up approach, the paper examines men and women’s everyday encounters with the state bureaucracy in Sri Lanka and how these encounters affected their perceptions of the state. The paper focuses on the areas affected by the war, where the state continued to provide basic services, even during the height of the fighting. The paper argues that while social protection plays an important role in building state-society relations through the engagement of citizens with state officials, state legitimacy is the effect of a highly complex process. 01/07/2015
Politics and governance in Afghanistan: The case of Kandahar
Ashley Jackson
This paper examines subnational governance and access to public goods in Kandahar, Afghanistan. In Kandahar relationship-based networks regulate nearly every aspect of political and social order, including access to justice, employment and participation in the economy. The paper seeks to understand the power relations at play, attempting to separate how government functions in reality from narratives created by the international community about how government should function. This paper is the second in a series of case studies undertaken by the Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit (AREU) and the Overseas Development Institute (ODI). 22/06/2015
Questions and Challenges Raised by a Large-Scale Humanitarian Operation in South Sudan
Daniel Maxwell, Martina Santschi, Leben Moro, Rachel Gordon, Philip Dau
This paper reports on field research conducted in South Sudan during October 2014 in Juba, Mingkaman (Lakes State) and Ganyiel (Unity State) inquiring into the nature of the humanitarian response carried during the current conflict and the questions and challenges raised by it. 28/05/2015
Mapping village variability in Afghanistan: The use of cluster analysis to construct village typologies
Adam Pain and Georgina Sturge
This working paper investigates whether or not village typologies can be constructed with respect to the behaviour of village elites in Afghanistan. More specifically we examine patterns of land use and land ownership, pre-existing governance structures, and the presence of elites within the village. Drawing on data from Nangarhar and Badakhshan and using cluster analysis, this paper demonstrates that there are distinct types of villages and suggests what some of the underlying causal factors of this variation might be. 18/05/2015
Peacebuilding and service delivery
Lisa Denney, Richard Mallett and Dyan Mazurana
This briefing is part of a series of inputs to the United Nations's Advisory Group of Experts working on the Review of the Peacebuilding Architecture (PBA). The briefing paper explores why service delivery matters for peace-building and the relationship between service delivery, peace-building and state legitimacy. 16/04/2015
Surveying livelihoods, service delivery and governance: baseline evidence from the Democratic Republic of Congo, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Uganda
Richard Mallett, Jessica Hagen-Zanker, Rachel Slater and Georgina Sturge
This paper shows findings from a cross-country panel survey which took place in five conflict-affected countries: DRC, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Uganda. The aim of the survey was to explore people’s experiences, perceptions and expectations of the state and local governance actors with regards to basic service delivery, social protection and livelihoods in fragile and conflict-affected situations. The first round of the survey was conducted in 2012-13. We will be returning to the same households to conduct the second round of our panel survey later this year and in 2015. 14/04/2015
Surveying livelihoods service delivery and governance: baseline evidence from the Democratic Republic of Congo
C.W.J. de Milliano, A. Ferf, J. Oude Groeniger and M. Mashanda
In 2012, SLRC implemented the first round of an original sub-regional panel survey in DRC aimed to produce data on people's livelihoods, access to and experience of basic services, and people’s perceptions of governance. 31/03/2015
Economics & Political Weekly Special Issue: Conflict, transition and development
Giulia Minoia, Wamiqullah Mumtaz, and Adam Pain; Dolly Kikon; Soe Nandar Linn; Chiranjibi Bhandari; Devaka Gunawardena; Harini Amarasuriya; Vijay K Nagaraj
This special collection brings together six papers from across South Asia presented at an international symposium titled Challenges of Post-War Development in Asia and Africa, along with an introduction. The Symposium was convened by the Centre for Poverty Analysis, Sri Lanka, in collaboration with the Secure Livelihoods Research Consortium from 1 to 3 September 2014 in Colombo. 02/03/2015

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